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:: Volume 14, Issue 2 (6-2016) ::
2016, 14(2): 70-74 Back to browse issues page
Detection of Experimental Cryptosporidiosis in Neonatal Mice and Rats by Nested-PCR
Mohamad Mohsen Homayoni , Keivan Majidzadeh-A , Niloofar Taghipour , Niloufar Khalaji , Seyyed Javad Seyyed Tabaei
PhD Department of Medical Parasitology and Mycology, School of Medicine, Shahid Beheshti University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran , seyyedtabaei@gmail.com
Abstract:   (1822 Views)

Purpose: The purpose of this study is to model Cryptosporidiosis in laboratory animals. The
parasites were inoculated into animalsand thenmultiplied. The process of proliferation was
compared to controlCryptosporidiosis in humans.
Materials and Methods: Twenty-five laboratory mice (4-7 days of age) and twenty-five
laboratory rats (5 days of age) were assigned to the category I while the category II (control
group) consisted oftwenty-fiverats and twenty-five mice. The two categories were infected with
5×105 Cryptosporidium parvum oocysts originated from a calf by using a 24-gauge & 20-gauge
ball-point feeding needle. On 4-9 days of post inoculation the intestine, colon, and rectum
were removed. Cryptosporidium infection was determined by detecting oocysts in intestinal
homogenates by Staining and PCR method. Simple extraction and purification method was
used by ficoll gradient centrifugation. Also, twenty laboratory rats (4-6 weeks of age) were
intramuscularly injected with dexamethasone(Sigma, Chemical Co. UK) two times per week,
and the last injection was given with 5×105 Cryptosporidium parvum oocyst on the same day as
oral inoculation. The water was supplemented with tetracycline to avoiding secondary infections.
Results: Two to four million purified oocysts with a maximum of 10 million were routinely
obtained per mouse and rat. Also the day in which oocyst excretion is the highest was determined.
The number of oocyst per neonatal mouse was (11±2)×105 on 9-12 days of post infection while
similarly it was (10±1)×105 per neonatal rat.
Conclusion: The evaluation of the cryptosporidiosis in immunocompromised animal models
can help us to understand and control the Cryptosporidium infections.

Keywords: cryptosporidium parvum, mice, rat, animal model
Full-Text [PDF 439 kb]   (729 Downloads)    
Type of Study: Original (Research) | Subject: Infectious Medicine
Received: 2016/04/9 | Accepted: 2016/09/1 | Published: 2016/09/1
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Homayoni M M, Majidzadeh-A K, Taghipour N, Khalaji N, Seyyed Tabaei S J. Detection of Experimental Cryptosporidiosis in Neonatal Mice and Rats by Nested-PCR. Ann Mil Health Sci Res. 2016; 14 (2) :70-74
URL: http://journals.ajaums.ac.ir/article-1-1309-en.html
Volume 14, Issue 2 (6-2016) Back to browse issues page
سالنامه پژوهش علوم سلامت و نظامی Ann Mil Health Sci Res
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